European Glass Lizard

Basic Information:

Scientific Name: Ophisaurus

Habitat: Glass lizards can be found in the grasslands and wooded hills of Southeastern Europe, Southwestern Asia, predominantly in Russia.

Diet: Glass lizards are carnivorous and eat snails, mice, worms, bird eggs, and baby birds.

Size: 1.5 to 3.6 feet long

Weight: 0.7 to 1.3 pounds

Lifespan: 10 years in the wild. Up to 30 years in human care.

Distribution Map:

I.U.C.N. Conservation Status:

What does this mean?

Least Concern – a species determined by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (I.U.C.N.) to be pervasive, abundant, and thriving.

Our European Glass Lizards:

Plexi (Male) – Estimated Birthdate Between 1994 & 2004
Glimmer – Estimated Birthdate Between 2009 & 2011

Did You Know?!

  • Despite their appearance glass lizards differ from snakes in that they have moveable eyelids, external ear openings, and inflexible jaws.
  • Glass lizards are a burrowing species, which their lack of limbs helps with.
  • Interestingly, 50% of European glass lizards will lay eggs while the other half will give birth to live babies.
  • European glass lizards are capable of dropping their tail, but less likely to than other species because of the length of their tails.
  • Glass lizards are most active after rainfall due to the abundance of worms and other snacks.
  • Glass lizards can swim!
  • Glass lizards are not threatened, but deforestation could prove a threat to their population.