Sumatran Chicken

Basic Information:

Scientific Name: Gallus gallus domesticus

Habitat: Sumatran chickens are a chicken breed native to the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

Diet: Like other chicken species, Sumatran chickens are omnivores, seeking out insects, vegetation, and any scraps of food that they can peck at.

Size: 2 to 2.5 feet tall / 1.5 to 2 foot wingspan

Weight: 4 to 6 pounds

Lifespan: 15 to 20 years

Distribution Map:

I.U.C.N. Conservation Status:

What does this mean?

Critically Endangered – a species determined by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (I.U.C.N.) to possess an extremely high risk of extinction as a result of rapid population declines of 80 to more than 90 percent over the previous 10 years (or three generations), a current population size of fewer than 50 individuals, or other factors (such as severely fragmented populations, long generation times, or isolated habitats).

Our Sumatran Chicken:

Poe (Female) – Born March 19, 2012

Did You Know?!

  • Sumatran chickens are originally from the islands of Sumatra, Java, and Borneo (all of which are part of Indonesia).
  • Sumatran chicken feathers are iridescent – or change colors in the light – and sometimes appear to have a green or bluish tint to them.
  • Sumatran chickens have a personality closer to that of a wild game bird than a domestic chicken.
  • Sumatran chickens are an ornamental species, mostly likely domesticated for their plumage and for cock fighting. They are not good for laying eggs, as they only tend to lay one egg at time and less than 100 in a year.
  • Sumatran chickens were first introduced to the United States and Europe in 1847 as a game cock. However, today the breed is raised primarily for exhibition.
  • Sumatran chickens are active and alert and are especially good at launching themselves vertically to escape dangers.