Visayan Warty Pig

Basic Information:

Scientific Name: Sus cebifrons

Habitat: Visayan warty pigs were originally found across the 6 Visayan islands of the Philippines: Bohol, Cebu, Leyte, Masbate, Negros, Panay, and Samar. Today, however, it is thought that they have only survived in small populations on Negros and Panay.

Diet: Visayan Warty Pigs tend to root around in the soil looking for tubers, fruits, insects, earthworms, and other tasty treats. They also eat cultivated crops.

Size: 2.5 to 3 feet tall / 4.4 feet long

Weight: Around 44 to 180 pounds

Lifespan: 10 to 15 years in the wild. Up to 20 years in human care.

Distribution Map:

I.U.C.N. Conservation Status:

What does this mean?

Critically Endangered – a species determined by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (I.U.C.N.) to possess an extremely high risk of extinction as a result of rapid population declines of 80 to more than 90 percent over the previous 10 years (or three generations), a current population size of fewer than 50 individuals, or other factors (such as severely fragmented populations, long generation times, or isolated habitats).

Our Visayan Warty Pigs:

Axl (Male) – Born June 12, 2008

Ozzy (Male) – Born June 10, 2008

Ace (Male) – Born September 9, 2008

About Visayan Warty Pigs:

Named for the three pairs of fleshy warts that appear on their face (which are thought to protect their face when fighting), Visayan Warty Pigs are one of the most critically endangered swine species on the planet. Today, these pigs are only found in the Philippines and are extinct from 98% of their original habitat due to habitat loss and hunting. In fact, no one is even sure how many Visayan Warty Pigs are left in the wild.

Did You Know?!

  • Visayan warty pigs can raise the hairs on their backs to make them appear larger.
  • Visayan warty pigs were not recognized as a distinct species until the 1990s due to their rarity. Additionally, because they are so rare scientists have a difficult time studying them in the wild.
  • Visayan Warty Pigs live in groups of four to five. 
  • About 98% of the pigs’ forest habitat has been cleared by local farmers who cut down woodlands to plant crops. When the soil becomes unproductive in a few years, they move on to clear more land. The pigs’ taste for cultivated crops then leads them to uproot the fields of farmers. This habit has led to many pigs being killed for destroying a food source for the poor inhabitants of the islands. 
  • Despite the fact that every year more and more forest is destroyed in Visayan warty pig habitats, the future for these animals is hopeful. They breed easily in human care and are finding homes in AZA institutions where they can work on rebuilding their population.